The Davis Cup is getting a radical overhaul in hopes of reviving an event that has lost some luster.
Beginning next year, the top team event in men’s tennis will be decided with a season-ending, 18-team tournament at a neutral site, creating an event that the International Tennis Federation believes will be more attractive to elite players who have often passed on competing for their countries while already facing a crowded schedule.
The ITF approved a major overhaul to Davis Cup on Thursday. Here are the advantages and disadvantages of the new format.
Teams will play one week in February to advance to the championship in November, replacing the current Davis Cup format that is played over four weekends throughout the year.
And players will be competing for what the ITF says rivals Grand Slam prize money after a $3 billion, 25-year agreement that was approved Thursday at the organization’s conference in Orlando, Florida. A spokesman said about 71 percent of the delegates voted for the reform.
Beginning in 2019, 24 nations will compete in a home-or-away qualifying round in February, with the 12 winners advancing to the final tournament. They will be joined by the four semifinalists from the previous year, along with two wild-card teams.
The finalists will be placed into six, three-team groups for round robin play, involving two singles matches and one doubles match, all best-of-three-sets — instead of the current format that has four singles matches and one doubles match that are best-of-five. The winners, along with the next two teams with the best records, will advance to the single-elimination quarterfinals.
The first championship will be held Nov. 18-24, 2019, in either Madrid or Lille, France.
The new event was developed in partnership with investment group Kosmos, which was founded by Barcelona and Spain soccer player Gerard Pique.
The original plan called for simply an 18-team championship at the end of the year, but was amended after some nations objected to the loss of home-site matches. So those were added to the proposal as the qualifying round.
The U.S. Tennis Association was among the national federations that backed the changes.
“The new format will project Davis Cup into the 21st century and elevate tennis’ premiere annual team competition to the heights it deserves,” the USTA said in a statement.
The Americans will play at Croatia in this year’s semifinals in September, and Spain and France meet in the other semifinals. Top-ranked Rafael Nadal is expected to play for Spain, but Roger Federer has frequently passed on playing for Switzerland.
The new format would cut the Davis Cup time commitment in half. Pique is among those who think the World Cup-style format is the boost the event needs.
“This is the beginning of a new stage that guarantees the pre-eminent and legitimate place that the Davis Cup should have as a competition for national teams while adapting to the demands of this professional sport at the highest level,” he said in a statement.
Critics of the new plan say it involves too much change to fundamental elements of an event that has been around for more than a century.